Where Have All the Animals Gone?

Originally posted on SAVES Club:

Here’s a phrase to remember: the Anthropocene defaunation. That’s a fancy way of saying that the animals are disappearing.

tapir by mauro galetti
The bigger the animal, the greater the chance for extinction: This is a tapir. (Mauro Galetti, file photo, location unknown)

By: Joel Achenbach for The Washington Post

Humans already did their worst in the Pleistocene, wiping out many of the largest terrestrial animals on Earth (mammoths, mastodons, ground sloths, giant camels, glyptodonts, saber-toothed cats, gomphopheres, stag moose, giant short-faced bears, the North American horse, giant kangaroos, marsupial rhinos, giant armadillos, dire wolves, etc.). In more recent centuries the spread of invasive species, carried by humans in their cargo and in the treads of their boots, has led to all manner of biological chaos and loss of biodiversity. Some animals are going extinct, and many more are dwindling in number. Tropical forests are getting cleaned out. Marine ecosystems are overfished.

Scientists are…

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Global Wildlife Decline Driving Slave Labor, Organized Crime

Originally posted on SAVES Club:

Global decline of wildlife populations is driving increases in violent conflicts, organized crime and child labor around the world, according to a new policy paper led by UC Berkeley researchers. The authors call for biologists to join forces with experts such as economists, political scientists, criminologists, public health officials and international development specialists to collectively tackle a complex challenge.

mountaingorilla1
Mountain gorilla

A child grabs sleep wherever possible after a long day of labor in West Africa’s struggling fishery. The decline of wildlife at land and sea across the globe has led to an increased reliance on the cheap labor provided by children

The paper, published today (Thursday, July 24) in the journal Science, highlights how losses of food and employment from wildlife decline cause increases in human trafficking and other crimes, as well as foster political instability.

“This paper is about recognizing wildlife decline as a source of social conflict…

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Larus Fuscus

The Newborn Lamb

Fungus Killing Trees in Everglades

Originally posted on Natural History Wanderings:

The Guardian reported on a fungus carried by an invasive beetle from southeast Asia that is killing trees in the Everglades. To date no way has been found to stop it. The loss of trees is also making the Everglades more vulnerable to  the spread of exotic plants that threaten to choke the  Everglades and undo extensive restoration efforts.

Read more at More trees felled in Everglades as deadly fungus spreads | World news | theguardian.com.

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EIA :Lawless Wildlife Trade At China- Burma Border

Hong Kong-based conservation photojournalist Alex Hofford visited the turbulent and crime-ridden border area of Shan State Special Region Four, between China and Myanmar, the country formerly known as Burma, to report on the rampant trade in endangered species there. He shared his impressions from both sides of the border with the South China Morning Post:

Where is the market seen in the video and what is for sale there?

I visited two markets. One in Burma [Myanmar], one in China. The one in the video is in Burma. Alas I do not have video of the one in China. I found pieces of elephant skin, bundles of porcupine quills and a lot of muntjac antlers, clouded leopard and golden cat skins, pangolin scales, giant flying squirrel, green-pigeons and Tibetan antelope horns. Real and fake ivory jewellery and fake tiger canines were also being also sold.

Why are these goods traded there?

The goods are traded in Mong La, Burma, because it is a lawless black hole where all kinds of illegal activities can thrive; drugs production and trafficking (heroin and methamphetamine), people trafficking (sex workers), arms trafficking and illegal wildlife products. It is at the crossroads of Burma, Laos and China, and as such it is an ideal spot where illegal trade routes intersect.

Where do these goods come from and who buys them?

I understand that much of the products for sale in the market in Mong La are sourced in the forests and jungles of the surrounding countries and regions: India, Nepal, Thailand, Bangladesh, Tibet, as well as of course Burma and Laos. It is big business, and according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the illegal wildlife trade is annually worth US$213 billion [HK$1.7 trillion].

What are the prices there and in China?

It was difficult to gather prices and shoot at the same time, so I only have one price comparison. A tiger skin in Mong La costs 50,000 yuan [HK$62,640], yet over the border in China it can fetch upwards of 200,000 yuan [HK$250,600]. In the market in Daluo, you can get all the things that you can buy in Mong La, but at a significant mark-up.

I didn’t see tiger skins, but the local traders there can get anything for you if you ask them, as all they have to do is go over the hill to Burma and back again to get one for you. Pangolin scales are popular.

Were buyers, sellers aware they were trading in endangered species?

Yes, everyone involved knows it is an illegal trade, buyers and sellers alike. It would be great if the Chinese government could do a proper crack down on Daluo market and put more effort into enforcing CITES [the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora] in that part of Yunnan province.

If China could stop all the illegal wildlife products coming into China in that border region it could put a stranglehold on the market in Mong La, Burma, and the business would possibly dry up. But I suspect the reason this continues to thrive is corruption among the local authorities (police, border guards) in China and the National Democratic Alliance army [an armed rebel group] who control nearby Mong La. It is difficult for the authorities in Beijing to properly enforce such a region so far away from the capital.

All Eight Pangolin Species Hunt To Extinction By China

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All eight pangolin species being poached into extinction

A few days ago customs officials in Vietnam raided a cargo ship from Sierra Leone and seized an astonishing 1.4 tons of dried pangolin scales. The grisly discovery came from the bodies of as many as 10,000 dead pangolins, the scaly anteaters of Africa and Asia that are being hunted into extinction for their meat and the supposed medicinal qualities of their scales. Experts estimate that more than one million wild pangolins have been caught, killed and traded in the past decade, making them the most heavily trafficked group of species in the world.

Virtually all of this trade is illegal. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) bans most trade in pangolins but smugglers and poachers continue to devastate wild populations. The threat to pangolins has gotten so bad that the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) now considers all eight species threatened with extinction. “In the 21st century we really should not be eating species to extinction,” Jonathan Baillie, co-chair of the IUCN–SSC Pangolin Specialist Group, said today in a press release. “There is simply no excuse for allowing this illegal trade to continue.”

Pangolin scales are used in traditional Chinese medicine and their flesh is also in demand as a culinary delicacy.

More information at http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/extinction-countdown/2014/07/28/pangolins-eaten-into-extinction/

#pangolins #China #CITES

Image: Ground pangolin, via scientificamerican.com Visa mer

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